native americans are found in scotland
married to chisholms
Re: Mcgillivray/ Chisholm-Glengarry
Malcolm Mcgillivray and Nellie “Helen” Chisholm b 11-21-1790 from Glengarry. There children were
Norman b.12-21-1813, Flora b. abt 1816, John Allen b. 1819,
John b. 9-21-1821, Christie b. 10-11-1823, Mary b. 2-12-1826, and Duncan b. 1-10-1835.
The Real Lives of Scottish Indian Chiefs
Half-Scottish, half-Native American, two men at the turn of the 19th century shaped the future of U.S.-Indian relations.
Creek-Scotsmen like Alexander McGillivray ( he died in February 1793)
and William McIntosh
Alexander McGillivray was born in 1750 near today’s Montgomery, Alabama. He grew up in his tribe as a member of the privileged Wind clan, until sent to Charleston for a European education
he led the Creek confederacy of 10,000 warriors including the Seminole and Chickamauga tribes.
The Creeks’ ceded some land to their east but gained present-day Alabama, and parts of Georgia, Tennessee, Mississippi, and Florida. Shortly after signing the Treaty of New York in 1790,
William McIntosh, born in 1778, proved friendlier to America than his ancestor. The son of another coupling between a Scottish trader and a Creek princess from the Wind clan, McIntosh would be known as Tustunnuggee Hutkee, White Warrior. He sided with General Andrew Jackson during the Creek War of 1813 to 1814 and the First Seminole War, 1817-1818, becoming a brigadier general.
In 1964 the principal chief of the Creek Nation of Oklahoma, who boasted the surname McIntosh, attended the annual gathering of his clan in the Highlands. To everyone’s surprise, he appeared in full Native regalia. The Plains Indian headdress, beaded shirt, and moccasins contrasted sharply with the kilts, sporrans, and dirks. To a bagpipe audience, he explained his pride in his dual Creek-Scottish ancestry.
The story of these Scoto-Indians is a fascinating one. Like their French and Spanish counterparts, the Scots fur traders arrived in the West largely as single men. Like the other Europeans, they soon aligned with Native women, usually “in the fashion of the country.” As historian Sylvia Van Kirk has noted, this form of “country marriage” facilitated trade because the Native wives usually taught their husbands the tribal language. The Montreal-based North West Company actively encouraged this policy, whereas the HBC discouraged it, because of expense, until the 1 820s. Eventually, however, all the fur-trade enterprises acknowledged the key role that Native wives played in their operations.